Hepatitis A & Typhoid Information

What is Hepatitis A & Typhoid?

Hepatitis A is a viral disease that is common in developing countries and is generally associated with poor sanitation and poor hygiene. It is one of the most common vaccine-preventable illnesses in travellers.

On the other hand, Typhoid is a bacterial infection spread through contaminated food or water.

What symptoms does Hepatitis A & Typhoid cause?

Many individuals who are infected with the Hepatitis A, which is a food-borne disease, shows no signs or symptoms while on vacation. Symptoms typically begin to show 15 to 50 days after exposure and can include:

  • Fever
  • Nausea
  • Jaundice
  • Liver damage or even liver failure, in severe cases

Similarly, thyphoid symptoms may include:

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Diarrhea
  • Life threatening complications, in severe cases

What are the complications of Hepatitis A & Typhoid?


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How is Hepatitis A & Typhoid diagnosed?

 

How do I know if I am at a high risk for Hepatitis A & Typhoid?

Your risk depends on several factors: destination, length of trip, and your living conditions. Speak with one of our Travel Health Specialists to understand the risk of Hepatitis for your trip.

The risk of Hepatitis is highest among travellers:

  • Visiting or living in rural areas
  • Eating and drinking in locations with poor sanitation or unsafe food handling practices

The risk of Hepatitis exists even for travellers going for short periods of time to urban areas, staying in luxury hotels and who follow good hygiene and water and food precautions.

What countries are considered high risks for Hepatitis A & Typhoid?

The World Health Organization lists South America, Africa, Asia and many other regions as having a moderate or high risk of Hepatitis A.

Furthermore, The Public Health Agency of Canada recommends the vaccine for travellers to Africa, Asia, South America and other key regions of the world.


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Is there a vaccine to prevent Hepatitis A & Typhoid?

Yes! It is important to get vaccinated if you are at risk but are not yet immunized. Discuss whether vaccination is right for your with one of our Travel Health Specialists. Hepatitis A may be vaccinated against independently, or in conjunction with Hepatitis B or Typhoid.

The Vivaxim vaccination offers combined protection against hepatitis A and typhoid fever in a single injection. Vaccination is the best possible protection against typhoid.

As foodborne illnesses, typhoid and hepatitis A are both extremely common among travelers and pose the threat to even the most experienced adventurer if you are not protected.

It is important that you make an appointment with your Summit Travel Health Specialist at least one month before your travels, as a single dose of Vivaxim will provide only 70% protection against the virus. In some circumstances, an accelerated series of shots can be taken in a single month. Getting the combined vaccination does not lead to any increased side effects.

Other ways to prevent Hepatitis A & Typhoid

Practise safe food and water precautions. More information about food and water safety is available from the CDC.

Wash your hands frequently. Use alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are not available.

What are the treatment options for Hepatitis A & Typhoid?


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